Inserting text at a bookmark without deleting the bookmark

Article contributed by Dave Rado

The problem
The following line:

ActiveDocument.Bookmarks("BookmarkName").Range.Text = "Hello world"

deletes the bookmark.

Using the InsertAfter or InsertBefore method doesn't work satisfactorily either;  if the bookmark is currently empty, then the line:

ActiveDocument.Bookmarks("Temp").Range.InsertAfter "Hello world"

 will leave you with the bookmark at the start of the text you've just inserted, rather than containing it.  And if the bookmark already contains some text, then Hello world will be appended to the existing text, instead of replacing it.

The solution
The  best way to insert text at a bookmark without losing the bookmark – which works reliably whether or not the bookmark currently encloses any text -  is to set a range variable to the bookmark's range, as follows:

Dim BMRange As Range
'Identify current Bookmark range and insert text
Set BMRange = ActiveDocument.Bookmarks("MyBookmark").Range
BMRange.Text = "Hello world"
'Re-insert the bookmark
ActiveDocument.Bookmarks.Add "MyBookmark", BMRange

If you have a macro which updates many bookmarks (for example, a userform  macro), then repeating the above code over and over again would be very laborious, so the best plan is to call a subroutine with arguments as in the following example:

Sub UpdateBookmark(BookmarkToUpdate As String, TextToUse As String)
    Dim BMRange As Range
    Set BMRange = ActiveDocument.Bookmarks(BookmarkToUpdate).Range
    BMRange.Text = TextToUse
    ActiveDocument.Bookmarks.Add BookmarkToUpdate, BMRange
End Sub

You could call it like this:

UpdateBookmark "NameOfBookMark", "String you want to insert"

See also Working with Bookmarks in VBA.

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